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Saturday, December 3, 2016

Epidemic Rape of Migrants

Women migrants fleeing wars, political instability and poverty are taking contraceptives in the expectation of being raped but are so desperate they still embark on the journey, a human rights group said on Wednesday
Women and girls who risk sexual violence as they flee their home countries are getting contraceptive injections as a precautionary measure, said researcher Hillary Margolis from New York-based Human Rights Watch.
“For someone to know that they are at such risk of sexual violence, and yet they are determined to continue on that journey,” she told Trust Women, an annual women’s rights and trafficking conference hosted by the Thomson Reuters Foundation.
A record 65.3 million people were uprooted worldwide last year, an increase of 50 percent in five years, according to the U.N. refugee agency. Data show developing countries host 86 percent of refugees, led by Turkey with more than 2.7 million Syrians.
UNICEF earlier this year said children in refugee camps in France were being subjected to sexual abuse including rape, violence and forced labor daily.
The UNICEF report also included cases of young women being subjected to sexual demands in exchange for a promise of passage to Britain and campaigners said this was not limited to France.
Amnesty International said it had spoken to women who said they lived in constant fear of sexual violence on the journey to Libya and rape was so commonplace that they took contraceptive pills before traveling to avoid becoming pregnant.
Margolis said she met a number of female migrants in Italy who had taken birth control ahead of their perilous sea journey from Libya “because of the high risk of rape.
At least 4,690 migrants have died in the Mediterranean this year while trying to reach Europe, compared to 3,777 in 2015. Most have died while crossing from North Africa.
“The idea that a woman who is traveling with men is automatically safe is a fallacy,” Margolis said. “There are women who are coerced into traveling with men, who are trafficked, exploited, who may be experiencing domestic abuse.”
Joanne Liu, president of medical charity Medecins Sans Frontieres, added that the international community was failing refugees and migrants.
Turkey agreed in March to stop migrants and refugees crossing by sea to Greece in exchange for financial aid, accelerated European Union membership talks and other concessions.
“In the policy we have right now, where we are deterring people from fleeing for their lives, we are aggravating and exacerbating their vulnerabilities,” she told the conference.
“And for women, there is even more hardship because women became the battlefield of war, of abuses. It’s not a new phenomenon and we are not at the end of it.”

Rights groups: Rape so prevalent female refugees, migrants taking contraceptives before journey THOMSON REUTERS FOUNDATION DEC 1, 2016

A record 65.3 million people were uprooted worldwide last year, an increase of 50 percent in five years, according to the U.N. refugee agency. Data shows developing countries host 86 percent of refugees, led by Turkey with more than 2.7 million Syrians.
The U.N. children's agency UNICEF earlier this year said children in refugee camps in France were being subjected to sexual abuse including rape, violence and forced labour daily.
The UNICEF report also included cases of young women being subjected to sexual demands in exchange for a promise of passage to Britain and campaigners said this was not limited to France.
Amnesty International said it had spoken to women who said they lived in constant fear of sexual violence on the journey to Libya and rape was so commonplace that they took contraceptive pills before travelling to avoid becoming pregnant.
Margolis said she met a number of female migrants in Italy who had taken birth control ahead of their perilous sea journey from Libya "because of the high risk of rape".
At least 4,690 migrants have died in the Mediterranean this year while trying to reach Europe, compared to 3,777 in 2015. Most have died while crossing from North Africa.
"The idea that a woman who is travelling with men is automatically safe is a fallacy," Margolis said. "There are women who are coerced into travelling with men, who are trafficked, exploited, who may be experiencing domestic abuse."
Joanne Liu, president of medical charity Medecins Sans Frontieres, added that the international community was failing refugee and migrants.
Turkey agreed in March to stop migrants and refugees crossing by sea to Greece in exchange for financial aid, accelerated European Union membership talks and other concessions.
"In the policy we have right now, where we are deterring people from fleeing for their lives, we are aggravating and exacerbating their vulnerabilities," she told the conference.
"And for women, there is even more hardship because women became the battlefield of war, of abuses. It's not a new phenomenon and we are not at the end of it."
(Reporting by Lin Taylor @linnytayls, Editing by Belinda Goldsmith; Please credit the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters that covers humanitarian issues, conflicts, global land and property rights, modern slavery and human trafficking, women's rights, and climate change. Visit http://news.trust.org to see more stories)

Women migrants fearing rape take contraceptives before journey - rights groups Lin Taylor Thomson Reuters Foundation 30 November 2016


Crimes against Central American migrants in Mexico—including kidnapping, rape, and murder—are one of the most systematically underreported large scale human rights violations in the Western Hemisphere. Most casual observers know that the journey is dangerous, but the extent of the dangers, the sheer number of victims, and the close ties to organized criminal groups are harder to see.
One reason that crimes against Central American migrants go unnoticed is that assigning real numbers to the scope of the problem is nearly impossible. Central American migrants are a shadow population moving through Mexico. We don’t even know with certainty how many Central Americans are on the move every year, although back of the envelope calculations suggest the figure is well over 400,000. This past year, around two-thirds of these migrants were families or unaccompanied children.
The most vulnerable migrants are those traveling by themselves or with lower-cost smugglers that take them on top of freight trains, along migrant trails, or in buses across the country. Those with a little more money get packed in the back of trailers, dump trucks, or private cars that do grueling trips straight across the country. These travel methods come with their own (sometimes deadly) challenges but seem to be better on average for avoiding the most violent crimes.
For those unfortunate migrants who are plucked off the migrant path by criminal organizations in a standard kidnapping, the standard brutal scam goes something like this. The migrants are forced into a van or truck and brought to safe houses. There they are asked to provide the telephone number of a family member, usually in the United States. If they don’t have a number to hand over or if they “forget” the number, anecdotes suggests some form of torture or a grisly end are common.
For migrants that do hand over the telephone number, the person on the other end of the line will receive a call demanding that several thousand dollars be wired to a specific account in exchange for the freedom of their loved one. Most of the time, migrants appear to be released soon after their relatives pay up. But that’s not always the case. And there are plenty of anecdotes that point to migrants being killed or forced into prostitution even after family members pay their ransoms. For those families that can't pull together the money, the situation rarely ends well.  
Back at the migrant detention center in Texas, we began calling Daniela’s family members to piece together what had happened. The story we heard was that her husband and two sons had indeed been kidnapped in the Nuevo Laredo bus station and brought to a nearby safe house, where they had been brutally beaten. Yet, in a made-for-Hollywood twist, they’d flung themselves out an open window—and with the help of a good Samaritan—made it to a U.S. port of entry. The family is now reunited in Texas, awaiting the start of their asylum case. They have yet to report the incident to either Mexican or U.S. law enforcement.
Similar to Daniela and her family, most migrants don’t report crimes—since they don't trust the local police or fear being deported—making it hard to get a sense of the problem’s true scope. But the few numbers that we have on kidnapping boggle the mind. A 2011 report from Mexico’s National Human Rights Commission reported knowledge of 198 mass kidnappings that included 9,758 victims over just a six-month period from September 2008 to February 2009. A second report noted 214 kidnappings from April to September 2010 that included 11,333 migrants. And these are just those kidnappings that the Commission was able to document.
Add this up, and it starts to become a pretty lucrative side-business for groups like the Zetas that also control human trafficking routes. Migration officials and business leaders estimate that these cartels or cartelitos (little cartels) are raking in somewhere between $100 and $250 million a year from kidnapping migrants.
These kidnappings—along with rape and murder of migrants—haven’t gone completely unnoticed. Alongside civil society, immigration lawyers, and academics, U.S. and Mexican policymakers have routinely championed the need to better protect Central American migrants from kidnapping and other violent crimes. However, this rhetorical support has rarely translated into serious programmatic efforts or widespread awareness of the issue.
Mexico’s federal government, along with a few Mexican states, have taken steps to protect Central Americans, including passing migration laws and setting up special prosecutors for crimes against migrants. Yet these policy efforts are pretty fangless when stacked up against Mexico’s serious challenges: the formidable organized criminal groups, the corrupt or complicit local officials, and the weak rule of law across many states. What’s more, even as officials push these policies, they are also arguably worsening the situation for migrants, as Mexican immigration crackdowns push migration further underground and into organized crime’s open arms.  
In the United States, most conversations around protecting migrants in Mexico quickly devolve into Americans’ hardened stances on unauthorized immigration writ large. The idea that we should provide any support to migrants in Mexico that could soon try to break U.S. laws by sneaking across the border is a hard sell politically. The Obama administration has balanced this concern with a push for human rights, though mostly raising the issue of migrants’ protection in Mexico at high-level bilateral and multilateral forums. These limited displays of support will surely soon disappear during a Donald Trump presidency.
The problem is that these crimes won't go away just because we aren't paying attention. And inaction only strengthens the hands and bank accounts of Mexico's criminal groups by facilitating crimes against tens, or hundreds, of thousands of individuals who will likely live (many with asylum or some form of legal protection) in the United States. They will carry these memories of brutality and victimization across the border and into our schools, workplaces, and communities.
Daniela and her family were exceedingly lucky in how their kidnapping story came to a close. However, when we define as "lucky" a family that was forced to abandon its home in Honduras because of murder attempts, then spent nine months on the road, and saw half the family members kidnapped and brutally beaten, something is clearly wrong. And compared to many others, Daniela and her family were, indeed, lucky. Unfortunately, widespread inaction in Mexico and the United States means that the luck of many migrants isn’t likely to improve anytime soon.


Migrant Women from Central America are Facing a Rape Epidemic 30 agosto 2016

LA BESTIA El Tren de la Muerte MARCH 2, 2015

MIGRANT RAPE 8 DICEMBRE 2014

Violenze sessuali sui bambini nel centro profughi di Nauru 11 agosto 2016

Child refugees raped on way to Sweden SEPTEMBER 8, 2015

Germany's Migrant Rape Crisis Out of Control 10 agosto 2016

Refugee rapes 79yo woman at German cemetery 28 luglio 2016

Surge in child rapes by migrants in swimming pools 5 luglio 2016

30 Syrian boys raped at Turkish refugee camp 14 maggio 2016

Turkish camp serial rapist gets 108 years for raping Syrian children 5 giugno 2016

Rape and child abuse in German refugee camps 25 SETTEMBRE 2015

Germany: Migrants' Rape Epidemic SEPTEMBER 19, 2015


Shocking report reveals rape and brutality in migrant camps 17 giugno 2016 

Muslim men gang-rape Pakistani Christian woman in front of her 5 children 3 luglio 2016

Libya, christian nurse gang raped by a group of muslims 27 giugno 2016

No justice for 5-year-old girl gang-raped by three Muslim boys 8 agosto 2016

VOYAGE OF THE DAMNED

Nigeria: Officials sexually abused women displaced by Boko Haram 

OCTOBER 31, 2016

“Wolf Boys” The teen killers of the drug war SEPTEMBER 13, 2016




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